First assignment 1.Articles in the scientific literature  over the past several years have implied that computed tomography (CT) may cause cancer and that physicians and patients must exercise cauti Nursing Assignment Help

First assignment 

1.Articles in the scientific literature  over the past several years have implied that computed tomography (CT) may cause cancer and that physicians and patients must exercise caution in its use. What is ypu opinion regarding this subject. Please research and give your input abut the topic.

Rubric : minimun  300 words , APA style , 2 references year 2012 and newer 

Second assignment

2.Vaccines are generally considered to be the most successful public health intervention ever devised, and yet there have been opponents of vaccines ever since there have been vaccines.  Many people often spread misinformation about the vaccine, such as the notion that vaccines weaken the immune system and that children can develop autism after getting vaccinated. What is your opinion on the subject? Please provide your input.

Rubric : minimun  300 words , APA style , 2 references year 2012 and newer 

Expert Solution Preview


In recent years, there have been discussions and debates surrounding two important topics in the field of medicine. The first assignment focuses on the potential link between computed tomography (CT) scans and the risk of cancer. On the other hand, the second assignment delves into the controversy surrounding vaccines, including false claims such as vaccines weakening the immune system and being responsible for the development of autism. Both topics require careful examination and analysis to form an educated opinion based on scientific evidence.

Answer to the First Assignment:

The concern regarding the potential association between computed tomography (CT) scans and cancer is an important topic in the medical field. Several articles in scientific literature have suggested that CT scans could lead to an increased risk of cancer, placing a responsibility on physicians and patients to exercise caution when utilizing this diagnostic tool.

Upon researching the subject, it becomes evident that the relationship between CT scans and cancer is complex. CT scans emit ionizing radiation, which has long been acknowledged as a potential carcinogen. However, the risk of developing cancer from CT scans is generally considered low and outweighed by the potential benefits in terms of accurate diagnosis and management of various medical conditions.

Studies have indicated that the risk of cancer associated with CT scans is predominantly influenced by factors such as the patient’s age, sex, cumulative radiation exposure, and the specific body region being scanned. Additionally, advancements in technology and the implementation of radiation dose reduction strategies have considerably reduced the radiation dose delivered during CT scans.

It is crucial for physicians and healthcare providers to weigh the potential benefits of CT scans against the associated risks. Appropriate utilization criteria should be followed, ensuring that CT scans are only performed when deemed necessary and when the benefits outweigh the potential risks, particularly in individuals who may be more susceptible to radiation-related harm, such as children and young adults.

In conclusion, while there is evidence suggesting a potential association between CT scans and cancer, the overall risk to individuals is considered low. The benefits of CT scans, such as accurate diagnosis and management of medical conditions, must be carefully considered alongside the potential risks. Adherence to appropriate utilization criteria and the implementation of radiation dose reduction strategies further mitigate any potential harm associated with CT scans.

Answer to the Second Assignment:

Vaccines have undeniably been one of the most successful public health interventions in history, leading to the eradication or near-elimination of numerous infectious diseases. However, despite their proven efficacy and safety, the existence of vaccine opponents and the spread of misinformation remains a concern.

One common misconception propagated by vaccine opponents is that vaccines weaken the immune system. This claim lacks scientific evidence and contradicts the mechanism of action of vaccines. Vaccines work by stimulating the immune system, training it to recognize and fight specific pathogens. They do not weaken the immune system; instead, vaccines strengthen it by preparing it to mount a rapid and effective response when faced with real infections.

Another controversial belief is the association between vaccines and autism. Numerous rigorous scientific studies have consistently discredited any causal link between vaccines and the development of autism spectrum disorder. The original study that suggested such a link has been retracted by the journal in which it was published, as it was based on fraudulent data. Extensive research has since been conducted, involving millions of children, confirming that vaccines do not cause autism.

It is essential for healthcare providers, educators, and the public to actively combat vaccine misinformation and strive to promote accurate information based on scientific evidence. Maintaining high vaccination rates is crucial to prevent outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases and protect public health. Vaccines significantly contribute to global health by saving lives and preventing disability.

In conclusion, vaccines are a vital tool in public health, and their benefits far outweigh any potential risks. Claims that vaccines weaken the immune system or cause autism lack scientific validity. Promoting vaccine acceptance and accurate information is crucial to ensure high vaccination rates and the continued success of public health interventions.

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